Articles available: 97

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Wednesday, 23 November 2022

Medical treatment of feline pyometra

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  • The effectiveness of a modified aglepristone protocol was reported.
feline piometraPyometra is a common uterine disease of dogs and cats, typical of the luteal phase. Traditionally, ovariohysterectomy was considered the elective treatment for pyometra, but in some cases, such as breeding subjects or patients with a high anesthesiologic risk, medical treatment is preferred. Aglepristone is a progesterone receptor blocker and its use proved to be effective for the medical treatment of pyometra in bitches and queens. The aim of this work was to report ...

Wednesday, 23 November 2022

Surgical description of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy in dogs

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  • Hypercalcemia resolved after surgery in 97.8% of dogs
paratiroidectomia dogThe aim of this retrospective study was to describe the surgical technique and clinical outcome of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in the dog.An ultrasound-guided mini lateral approach was made via a plane established between the sternocephalicus muscle and sternohyoideus muscles to expose the thyroid gland and enlarged parathyroid gland. Abnormal parathyroid glands were removed en bloc via partial thyroidec...

Wednesday, 23 November 2022

Consequences of the minerals supplementation on beef cattle health

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  • Minerals plays an important role in cattle immunity and performance
cattle supplememntationTrace minerals (TM) play an important role in cattle immunity, health and performance. Although TM are needed in small quantities, they are fundamental for enzymes involved in antioxidant protection against cellular damage and several pathways of the immune response. Cattle TM status results from the balance between TM dietary intake and their requirements. This paper reviews the research-based evidence of the effects of TM supplementation on immunity ...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Smartwatches exhibit high accuracy in evaluating heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation in cats

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  • GF5xp and AppW6 exhibited high accuracy in evaluating HR and SpO2 in cats
CatThe aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy for 2 smartwatches with oximetry technology and optical wrist heart rate (HR) or single-lead Electrocardiography (ECG) technology (Fenix 5X Plus [GF5xp], Garmin Ltd and Apple Watch 6 [AppW6], Apple Inc, respectively) versus reference methods (ECG and transmittance pulse oximetry [TPO], respectively) in measuring HR and peripheral oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (SpO2) in cats.10 male client-owned cats aged 8 to 12 months a...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Canine and feline P-glycoprotein deficiency

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  • The so-called "ivermectin sensitivity" was determined to be a P-glycoprotein deficiency caused by a genetic variant of the MDR1
image assetIn 2001 the molecular genetic basis of so-called "ivermectin sensitivity" in herding breed dogs was determined to be a P-glycoprotein deficiency caused by a genetic variant of the MDR1 (ABCB1) gene often called "the MDR1 mutation." We have learned a great deal about P-glycoprotein's role in drug disposition since that discovery, namely that P-glycoprotein transports many more drugs than just macrocyclic lactones that P-glycoprotein mediated drug transport i...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Acute Phase Biomarkers in Racing Endurance Horses

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  • Endurance racing induces acute phase response in horses
DawnTebbs Endurance Riding 1This study aimed to evaluate if exercise-induced acute phase response (APR) occurs in endurance horses in response to the race.The study included 23 horses competing in an endurance competition with a successfully passed clinical examination before the race. Blood samples were collected before the start and within 30 min after the end of the race. Haematological and biochemical tests were performed and correlated to acute ph...

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