Articles available: 97

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Monday, 14 November 2022

Changes in the dog's and cat's behaviors during the lockdown

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  • Anxiety-related behaviors were more frequent in dogs during the lockdown
lockdown dog catConsidering the effects that the COVID-19 pandemic had and still has on human psychological health, it is expected that it might also affect household dogs' and cats' welfare. The current study explores the behavioral changes in dogs and cats before (BL) and during the lockdown (DL), as reported by their owners in China. Besides demographic parameters, variables related to the daily management of dogs and cats were analyzed in relation to behavioral problems, s...

Monday, 14 November 2022

Accuracy of radiographic diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum in dogs and cats

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  • Radiographs from 60 dogs and eight cats were evaluated
RX pneumoperitoneoRadiography is commonly included in the diagnostic investigation of animals with suspected gastrointestinal perforation and resultant pneumoperitoneum. This study aimed to (1) identify the accuracy of radiographic diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum and (2) determine if observer experience affected accuracy.This was a retrospective case-controlled study evaluating abdominal radiographs of dogs and cats with surgical confirmation of gastrointestinal perforation or peri...

Monday, 14 November 2022

Inflammatory markers in the equine insulin dysregulation

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  • Proinflammatory cytokines were upregulated in adipose tissue
equine metab syndromeSimilar to human diabetes, equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) causes insulin dysregulation leading to debilitating sequela including laminitis. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying EMS and laminitis are not well known. Therefore, using an insulin-resistant equine model, the authors hypothesized that insulin dysregulation induces an increased expression of inflammatory proteins in a tissue specific manner. Two groups of horses (n = -5/group) were ...

Friday, 11 November 2022

Expression of Sex Hormone Receptors in Canine Osteosarcoma

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  • Progesterone receptor expression levels were also quantified in OSA cells cultured under hypoxic conditions or in the presence of estradiol
807c5b1bfb393b7024a56106f6b3ce0c12a98772 450x300Sex steroids regulate bone metabolism directly and indirectly through receptors on bone. Estrogen receptors (ER-∝, ER-β), progesterone receptor (PR), and androgen receptor (AR), have been previously identified on human osteosarcoma (OSA) cells, and are considered to influence tumor growth, but their expression and role in canine OSA is unknown. The aim of this study was to characte...

Friday, 11 November 2022

Dietary fiber aids in the management of canine and feline gastrointestinal disease

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  • Understanding the fundamentals of dietary fiber allows the clinician to use fiber optimally as a management modality
fibra dieteticaDietary fiber describes a diverse assortment of nondigestible carbohydrates that play a vital role in the health of animals and maintenance of gastrointestinal tract homeostasis. The main roles dietary fiber play in the gastrointestinal tract include physically altering the digesta, modulating appetite and satiety, regulating digestion, and acting as a microbial energy source through fermentation. These functions can have widespread systemic effects....

Friday, 11 November 2022

Evidence of Dirofilaria immitis in Felids in Italy

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  • This study provides new data on the occurrence of HW in domestic cats and wildcats in North-eastern Italy
T1903E01slider 1Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne nematode, causing heartworm (HW) disease in wild and domestic canids. HW can also affect felids with different clinical patterns from asymptomatic pictures to sudden death, making the monitoring and diagnosis complicated. Canine HW is endemic in North-eastern Italy; however, very little information has been recorded for felids. This study aims to provide new information on HW in felids in North-eastern Italy....

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