Articles available: 97

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Thursday, 27 October 2022

Nutritional management is superior to metronidazole for treatment of acute colitis in dogs

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  • To describe the outcome of dietary management of canine acute colitis with or without concurrent administration of metronidazole
Tuna steak 4 The objective of this study was to describe the outcome of dietary management of canine noninfectious acute colitis with or without concurrent oral administration of metronidazole using a randomized controlled clinical trial.Fifty-nine client-owned dogs with noninfectious acute colitis were included. Dogs were enrolled in a 30-day diet trial after exclusion of parasitic infectious etiologies (fecal centrifugation floatation, Giardia/Cryptosporidium anti...

Wednesday, 26 October 2022

Characteristics of raw meat-based diets in dogs and cats

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  • These diets might pose a risk to pet health
diet crudeRaw meat-based diets (RMBDs) are widely used as unconventional diets for dogs and cats at different life stages, despite concerns regarding nutritional adequacy and microbial contamination. The aim of this study was to evaluate both the nutritional and hygiene quality profile of RMBDs purchased in Germany. For this purpose, crude nutrients were assessed in 44 RMBDs and compared to declared values. In addition, selected minerals were determined in 31 RMBDs labelled as compl...

Wednesday, 26 October 2022

The effect of obesity on cardiac structure and function in dogs

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  • Left ventricular hypertrophy improved with significant weight and fat mass reduction
obesity pugIn people, the cardiovascular effects of obesity include systemic hypertension, cardiac remodelling and both systolic and diastolic dysfunction, whilst weight reduction can reverse myocardial remodelling and reduce risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease. To date, variable results are reported in studies of the effect of obesity and controlled weight reduction on cardiovascular morphology and function in dogs. This prospective study aimed to assess cardiac function, heart r...

Wednesday, 26 October 2022

Vaccine against alpha-toxin using C. perfringens type A in rabbits and cattle

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  • The formulation enhanced immune responses by 1.80-fold in rabbits compared with that in cattle
cattle vaccinationClostridium perfringens type A is an anaerobic bacterium that produces four major toxins (alpha, beta, epsilon, and iota) that cause various diseases. Most of the important C. perfringens-associated diseases of farm animals are caused by alpha-toxin. This study aimed to produce a vaccine against alpha-toxin using C. perfringens type A (ATCC 13124) and investigate its potency, stability, and safety.The vaccine was formulated of its constituent...

Friday, 21 October 2022

Hemogram in cats from regions endemic for both Leishmania and FIV infection

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  • Leishmania infantum infection was associated with monocytosis
cat fightingIn feline Leishmania infantum (Li) infection and in clinical cases of feline leishmaniosis, co-infection with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) has been reported. However, the role of the retroviral co-infection in the impairment of feline clinical health is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate hemogram changes in cats from regions endemic for both Li and FIV infection. Overall, four hundred and ninety-six cats tested for&nbs...

Friday, 21 October 2022

Age at death and cause of death of pet rabbits

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  • Gastrointestinal disease was the most common cause of death in younger-aged rabbits
coniglio morteAs the quality of care received by pet rabbits improves, the age at death of these animals is expected to increase; however, reliable data on the age at death of pet rabbits is lacking. The present retrospective study aims to clarify the age at death and cause of death of pet rabbits.The age at death, cause of death, and clinical details of 898 rabbits that died between 2006 and 2020 were obtained by reviewing paper-based medical records, including necropsy and/or biops...

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