Articles available: 137

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Friday, 11 November 2022

Expression of Sex Hormone Receptors in Canine Osteosarcoma

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  • Progesterone receptor expression levels were also quantified in OSA cells cultured under hypoxic conditions or in the presence of estradiol
807c5b1bfb393b7024a56106f6b3ce0c12a98772 450x300Sex steroids regulate bone metabolism directly and indirectly through receptors on bone. Estrogen receptors (ER-∝, ER-β), progesterone receptor (PR), and androgen receptor (AR), have been previously identified on human osteosarcoma (OSA) cells, and are considered to influence tumor growth, but their expression and role in canine OSA is unknown. The aim of this study was to characte...

Friday, 11 November 2022

Dietary fiber aids in the management of canine and feline gastrointestinal disease

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  • Understanding the fundamentals of dietary fiber allows the clinician to use fiber optimally as a management modality
fibra dieteticaDietary fiber describes a diverse assortment of nondigestible carbohydrates that play a vital role in the health of animals and maintenance of gastrointestinal tract homeostasis. The main roles dietary fiber play in the gastrointestinal tract include physically altering the digesta, modulating appetite and satiety, regulating digestion, and acting as a microbial energy source through fermentation. These functions can have widespread systemic effects....

Friday, 11 November 2022

Evidence of Dirofilaria immitis in Felids in Italy

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  • This study provides new data on the occurrence of HW in domestic cats and wildcats in North-eastern Italy
T1903E01slider 1Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne nematode, causing heartworm (HW) disease in wild and domestic canids. HW can also affect felids with different clinical patterns from asymptomatic pictures to sudden death, making the monitoring and diagnosis complicated. Canine HW is endemic in North-eastern Italy; however, very little information has been recorded for felids. This study aims to provide new information on HW in felids in North-eastern Italy....

Wednesday, 09 November 2022

Clinical features of feline intervertebral disc herniation

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  • Males were more commonly affected by intervertebral disc extrusion
ernia catThe aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence and to describe the clinical and diagnostic imaging features of the different types of feline intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH).Medical records and imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed for cats diagnosed with IVDH between January 2008 and October 2020. Information obtained from the clinical records included signalment, clinical presentation, the presence of spinal hyperaesthesia and neurolocalisation. Diagnostic ...

Wednesday, 09 November 2022

Polyuria and polydipsia during a short course of corticosteroids therapy

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  • There was no significant difference in USG changes between methylprednisolone and prednisone groups
polyuria dogGlucocorticoids are widely used to treat canine allergic disorders, but they frequently cause polyuria and polydipsia (PUPD). At equipotent dosages, oral methylprednisolone is believed to cause less PUPD than prednisolone. The authors performed a pilot randomized, open, parallel trial with 22 dogs with nonseasonal Atopic Dermatitis (AD) receiving either prednisolone or methylprednisolone at equipotent dosages, once daily for 14 days during the first phase of a restrict...

Wednesday, 09 November 2022

Toxicologic insults to the bovine liver

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  • Toxicities go undiagnosed due to the lack of specificity of clinical signs
toxins cattleThe liver is subject to toxic insult due to its role in the metabolism of exogenous substances and the direct filtration of blood from the portal circulation, which carries absorbed toxins from the gastrointestinal system. The purpose of this article is to briefly review the anatomy and physiology of the liver because it relates to the metabolism of toxins and to discuss the main clinical toxins affecting cattle in North America.Metabolism of xenobiotics in the liver is f...

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