Articles available: 148

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

General surgery

General surgery (12)

Friday, 03 February 2023

Diaphragmatic hernia in cats

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  • The most frequently inserted organ into the chest was liver
ernia gattoDiaphragmatic rupture is introduced as one of the most common injuries occurring in small animals. In our retrospective report, 14 cats with a mean age of 12 months (male = 8, female = 6) that underwent diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy were studied.The data included the following: age, sex, breed, and clinical signs. The cause of diaphragmatic hernia, diaphragmatic rupture area, herniated organs, concomitant injuries, and survival rate after surgical treatment we...

Monday, 30 January 2023

Treatment of non-neoplastic pulmonary consolidation in 12 dogs

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  • The most common complications were self-limiting hemorrhages
torascopia caneThe aim of this retrospective study was to report outcomes of thoracoscopic (TL) and thoracoscopic-assisted lung lobectomy (TAL) for treatment of non-neoplastic pulmonary consolidation (PC) in dogs.The medical records of 12 dogs that underwent TL or TAL for PC at 3 veterinary institutions between 2011 and 2020 were reviewed. Signalment, history, physical examination, diagnostics, days in hospital, anesthetic and procedure times, intraoperative/postoperative complicati...

Friday, 09 December 2022

Outcome in dogs surgically treated for hepatic abscessation

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  • Peritoneal effusion was documented in 32/38 dogs preoperatively
hepatic disease in dogsThe aim of this study was to report outcomes following surgical treatment of hepatic abscessation in dogs.Records from 6 institutions were evaluated for dogs undergoing surgical treatment for hepatic abscessation between 2010 and 2020. Signalment, clinical signs, medical therapy, surgical treatment, and postoperative outcome was obtained from medical records. Long-term outcome was recorded when possible. Median survival time was asse...

Monday, 05 December 2022

Clinical characteristics and outcome in dogs treated with transsphenoidal hypophysectomy

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  • The common presenting complaint for dogs with large NFSM causing mass effect was mentation changes
ipofisi caneThe aim of this study was to characterize the clinical features, neurological examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, histopathological findings, and outcome following transsphenoidal hypophysectomy (TSH) in dogs with nonfunctional sellar masses (NFSM).Medical records of dogs that underwent TSH for a NFSM were reviewed for clinical signs, physical and neurological examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, endocrine testing, surgery report...

Wednesday, 23 November 2022

Surgical description of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy in dogs

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  • Hypercalcemia resolved after surgery in 97.8% of dogs
paratiroidectomia dogThe aim of this retrospective study was to describe the surgical technique and clinical outcome of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in the dog.An ultrasound-guided mini lateral approach was made via a plane established between the sternocephalicus muscle and sternohyoideus muscles to expose the thyroid gland and enlarged parathyroid gland. Abnormal parathyroid glands were removed en bloc via partial thyroidec...

Monday, 07 November 2022

Surgical removal of intestinal foreign bodies in dogs and cats

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  • To describe a novel surgical technique for intestinal foreign body removal without enterotomy
endoscopy1The objective of this study was to describe a novel surgical technique for intestinal foreign body removal without enterotomy using a laparotomy-assisted endoscopic approach and compare short-term outcomes to enterotomy.Medical records of dogs and cats with intestinal foreign bodies that underwent attempted treatment with a laparotomy-assisted endoscopic approach between June 2019 and July 2021 were extracted. The approach consisted in manoeuvring the intesti...

Friday, 04 November 2022

Effects of ileocolic junction resection in dogs and cats

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  • Long-term diarrhea, weight loss, and muscle loss were common consequences
ileocolic junctionThe aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of ileocecocolic junction (ICJ) resection on gastrointestinal signs, biochemical parameters, and nutritional variables in dogs and cats.Medical records of dogs and cats that underwent ICJ resection were reviewed, and clinical signs, laboratory abnormalities, and nutritional information were obtained. Additional follow-up information was obtained by contacting primary care veterinarians or owners. A subset of dogs ...

Monday, 31 October 2022

Postoperative complications in equine colic surgery

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  • There was a substantial lack of classifications of postoperative complications
equine colicPostoperative complications frequently occur following equine colic surgery but there is a lack of consistency in their definitions and reporting. The aim of this study was to perform a scoping review to identify current evidence on the definitions and classifications of postoperative complications in equine colic surgery.A scoping review was conducted in CAB, Web of Science, Scopus and PubMed databases using a PCC (Population-equids, Concept-complications, adverse events, ...

Wednesday, 19 October 2022

Chronic gastrointestinal foreign body obstructions in dogs and cats

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  • 31% of cases had a small intestinal resection and anastomosis
shutterstock 162633491The objective of this study was to characterize clinicopathologic factors and outcomes for dogs and cats with chronic small intestinal foreign body obstructions (CFBO).Medical records of 72 dogs and cats diagnosed with CFBO between 2010 to 2020 were reviewed for duration of clinical signs, pre-surgical and intraoperative findings, complications, and outcomes. A chronic foreign body was defined as clinical signs, or the observation of f...

Wednesday, 05 October 2022

Surgical treatment of insulinoma in cats

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  • The 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rates were 75%, 51%, and 10%, respectively
insulinoma1The objective of the present study was to report the clinical signs, histopathology results, and prognostic factors for outcomes following excision for feline insulinoma (INS)....

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