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CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Microbiology/Immunology/Infectious disease

Microbiology/Immunology/Infectious disease (17)

Wednesday, 18 January 2023

Artificial Insemination as a Transmission Route for African Swine Fever Virus

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  • To demonstrate that ASFV can efficiently be transferred from infected boars through artificial insemination
Feature Image tempate 19The rapid spread of the African swine fever virus (ASFV), causing severe disease with often high fatality rates in Eurasian suids, prevails as a threat for pig populations and dependent industries worldwide. Although advancing scientific progress continually enhances our understanding of ASFV pathogenesis, alternative transmission routes for ASFV have yet to be assessed. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that ASFV can effici...

Monday, 19 December 2022

Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in horses

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  • 15.2% of horses tested PCR positive and 26.9% IFAT positive
imagesEquine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) is a tick-borne disease caused by Anaplasma (A.) phagocytophilum. In Germany, this pathogen is transmitted primarily by Ixodes ricinus. There is limited knowledge about its prevalence in horses in Germany. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the results of serological and molecular testing for A. phagocytophilum in horses which were done in a commercial laboratory in Germany over fourteen years. Additionally, risk...

Friday, 16 December 2022

Clinical features of canine infective endocarditis

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  • The mitral valve was most commonly affected
endocardite caneThe aim of this study was to determine the causative organisms, clinical features and outcome of canine infective endocarditis in the UK.Medical records of three veterinary referral hospitals were searched for dogs with infective endocarditis between December 2009 and December 2019. Signalment, clinical signs, causative organism, valve affected, treatment and survival data were recorded....

Wednesday, 14 December 2022

Infections by Sarcocystis spp in cattle

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  • To review the status of Sarcocystis spp. and BEM in cattle
portrait cows red jersey stand 260nw 1855312099Infections by Sarcocystis in cattle are ubiquitous worldwide. There is considerable debate concerning the identity of Sarcocystis spp. in cattle. Proper diagnosis of Sarcocystis spp. is important to assess their economic and public health importance. Currently there are seven named species: Sarcocystis hirsuta, Sarcocysti cuzi, Sarcocysti hominis, Sarcocysti bovifelis, arcocysti. heydorn...

Monday, 12 December 2022

Consensus statement on equine flaviviridae infections in Europe

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  • No direct antiviral treatment against flavivirus infections is available
west nile cavalloiHorses and other equids can be infected with several viruses of the family Flaviviridae, belonging to the genus Flavivirus and Hepacivirus. The authors of this consensus statement focused on viruses with known occurrence in Europe, with the objective to summarize the current literature and formulate clinically relevant evidence-based recommendations regarding clinical disease, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The viruses circulating in Europe include W...

Wednesday, 07 December 2022

Expression profile of immunoregulatory molecules in canine tumors

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  • LGALS9 and CD48, were expressed in most canine tumors
tumour immunoregulatoryCancers utilize a variety of molecules to escape host immune responses. Better understanding the immune environment surrounding cancer may facilitate application of innovative cancer immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, to dogs as well as humans. In this study, the authors screened the expression of 20 immune regulatory molecules in diverse canine tumors (n = 59). ...

Monday, 05 December 2022

Evaluation of serum concentration of acute-phase proteins in foals with rhodococcosis

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  • Rhodococcosis increased the serum concentration of haptoglobin and serum amyloid A
foal sleeping in pastureEarly detection of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in foals is essential for horse health and for veterinarians. This study aimed to demonstrate the usefulness of assessing the serum concentration of acute-phase proteins (APPs) in the early diagnosis of pneumonia.The study evaluated APPs in 19 Arabian foals with R. equi pneumonia and compared them with 18 normal Arabian foals in equestrian clubs in Tabriz, Iran. Affected foals were iden...

Wednesday, 23 November 2022

Consequences of the minerals supplementation on beef cattle health

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  • Minerals plays an important role in cattle immunity and performance
cattle supplememntationTrace minerals (TM) play an important role in cattle immunity, health and performance. Although TM are needed in small quantities, they are fundamental for enzymes involved in antioxidant protection against cellular damage and several pathways of the immune response. Cattle TM status results from the balance between TM dietary intake and their requirements. This paper reviews the research-based evidence of the effects of TM supplementation on immunity ...

Wednesday, 16 November 2022

Ultrasonographic diagnosis bovine respiratory disease in Holstein calves

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  • Thoracic ultrasound can be a reliable tool in the early BRD diagnosis of subclinical cases
AFAST BovinoBovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the main cause of death in calves, and early BRD diagnosis saves lives. This study aimed to diagnose clinical and subclinical BRD in calves by assessing some biochemical alterations and ultrasonography (USG).Fifty-four Holstein dairy calves in Al-Sharqiyah Province, Egypt, were used in the study. They were divided into three groups. The first control group consisted of 10 clinically healthy calves. The second group consi...

Wednesday, 16 November 2022

Leptospira spp. Prevalence in Cats from Southern Italy

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  • Antibodies against Leptospira spp. were detected in 15.3% of cats
Can Cats Get Sick From Eating Mice 1Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease, but feline leptospirosis is rarely reported. This study aimed at investigating Leptospira spp. prevalence in cats from southern Italy, evaluating risk factors, clinical findings and laboratory data associated with infection.The serum of 112 cats was investigated by microscopic agglutination test (MAT), detecting anti-Leptospira antibodies against 14 pathogenic se...

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