Articles available: 88

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Friday, 25 November 2022

Hematology and plasma biochemistry reference values of juvenile undulate rays

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  • Blood samples from 43 undulate rays were analyzed for hematology and plasma biochemistry
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA         Despite the paucity of published literature on elasmobranch hematology and biochemistry, great interspecific diversity has been observed.Blood samples from 43 undulate rays (Raja undulata) (23 males, 20 females) hatched and raised at Oceanogràfic Aquarium, were analyzed for hematology and plasma biochemistry. Animals were divided into two age groups: 1 yr old (28 skates) and 2 yr old (15 skates). Al...

Friday, 25 November 2022

Use of urinalysis during baseline diagnostics in dogs and cats

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  • Participants performed urinalyses much less frequently than blood work during a routine examination
dog urine sampleThe aim of this study was to describe how veterinarians utilise and perform urinalyses for dogs and cats.A survey, developed and distributed through the Veterinary Information Network, enlisted veterinarians who perform urinalyses for dogs and cats. Participants were directed to question banks based on whether urinalyses were performed in-house, by an outside diagnostic laboratory, or using an in-house automated instrument. Participants using mult...

Friday, 25 November 2022

Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging features of spinal lymphoma in cats

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  • The most frequent neurological signs were rapidly progressive paraparesis or paraplegia
MRI gattoThis multicentric retrospective study describes the clinical and MRI features and pathological studies of spinal lymphoma in 27 cats. MRI characteristics and their possible correlations with histopathological findings were studied.The most frequent neurological signs were rapidly progressive paraparesis (62.9%) or paraplegia (22.2%). Bimodal age distribution was found with 40.7% of cats aged ≤2.5 years (63.6% of them FeLV positive), and 44.4% of cats aged ≥8...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Acute Phase Biomarkers in Racing Endurance Horses

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  • Endurance racing induces acute phase response in horses
DawnTebbs Endurance Riding 1This study aimed to evaluate if exercise-induced acute phase response (APR) occurs in endurance horses in response to the race.The study included 23 horses competing in an endurance competition with a successfully passed clinical examination before the race. Blood samples were collected before the start and within 30 min after the end of the race. Haematological and biochemical tests were performed and correlated to acute ph...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Canine and feline P-glycoprotein deficiency

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  • The so-called "ivermectin sensitivity" was determined to be a P-glycoprotein deficiency caused by a genetic variant of the MDR1
image assetIn 2001 the molecular genetic basis of so-called "ivermectin sensitivity" in herding breed dogs was determined to be a P-glycoprotein deficiency caused by a genetic variant of the MDR1 (ABCB1) gene often called "the MDR1 mutation." We have learned a great deal about P-glycoprotein's role in drug disposition since that discovery, namely that P-glycoprotein transports many more drugs than just macrocyclic lactones that P-glycoprotein mediated drug transport i...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Smartwatches exhibit high accuracy in evaluating heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation in cats

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  • GF5xp and AppW6 exhibited high accuracy in evaluating HR and SpO2 in cats
CatThe aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy for 2 smartwatches with oximetry technology and optical wrist heart rate (HR) or single-lead Electrocardiography (ECG) technology (Fenix 5X Plus [GF5xp], Garmin Ltd and Apple Watch 6 [AppW6], Apple Inc, respectively) versus reference methods (ECG and transmittance pulse oximetry [TPO], respectively) in measuring HR and peripheral oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (SpO2) in cats.10 male client-owned cats aged 8 to 12 months a...

Wednesday, 16 November 2022

Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis of Canine Insulinoma

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  • The diagnosis of an insulinoma requires the demonstration of the simultaneous occurrence of hypoglycaemia and blood insulin levels that are normal or high
investigating hypoglycaemia in dogs and catsThe most common pancreatic tumour in dogs is the insulinoma. Canine insulinomas are considered to be malignant in more than 95% of the cases because they almost always tend to metastasise. The diagnosis of an insulinoma requires the demonstration of the simultaneous occurrence of hypoglycaemia and blood insulin levels that are within or above the high end of the reference interval. The stagin...

Wednesday, 16 November 2022

Ultrasonographic diagnosis bovine respiratory disease in Holstein calves

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  • Thoracic ultrasound can be a reliable tool in the early BRD diagnosis of subclinical cases
AFAST BovinoBovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the main cause of death in calves, and early BRD diagnosis saves lives. This study aimed to diagnose clinical and subclinical BRD in calves by assessing some biochemical alterations and ultrasonography (USG).Fifty-four Holstein dairy calves in Al-Sharqiyah Province, Egypt, were used in the study. They were divided into three groups. The first control group consisted of 10 clinically healthy calves. The second group consi...

Wednesday, 16 November 2022

Leptospira spp. Prevalence in Cats from Southern Italy

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  • Antibodies against Leptospira spp. were detected in 15.3% of cats
Can Cats Get Sick From Eating Mice 1Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease, but feline leptospirosis is rarely reported. This study aimed at investigating Leptospira spp. prevalence in cats from southern Italy, evaluating risk factors, clinical findings and laboratory data associated with infection.The serum of 112 cats was investigated by microscopic agglutination test (MAT), detecting anti-Leptospira antibodies against 14 pathogenic se...

Friday, 11 November 2022

Evidence of Dirofilaria immitis in Felids in Italy

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  • This study provides new data on the occurrence of HW in domestic cats and wildcats in North-eastern Italy
T1903E01slider 1Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne nematode, causing heartworm (HW) disease in wild and domestic canids. HW can also affect felids with different clinical patterns from asymptomatic pictures to sudden death, making the monitoring and diagnosis complicated. Canine HW is endemic in North-eastern Italy; however, very little information has been recorded for felids. This study aims to provide new information on HW in felids in North-eastern Italy....

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