Articles available: 137

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Monday, 16 January 2023

Electrocardiographic Findings and Cardiac Troponin Assay in Dogs with SIRS

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  • Common findings were sinus tachycardia and monomorphic premature ventricular beats
sirs dogSeveral studies performed in humans have demonstrated that the onset of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) represents a high risk condition to develop myocardial damage and arrhythmias. Therefore, the authors also hypothesized cardiac involment for dogs affected by SIRS. To assess this hypothesis, 24 dogs with a diagnosis of SIRS (13 entire males, 7 entire females, and 4 spayed females) with an age ranging from 4 to 11 years (mean 5.6 years) and an average weight o...

Wednesday, 11 January 2023

Acute phase proteins in cattle and swine

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  • Acute phase proteins determination in milk is a diagnostic tool in the control of mastitis
APP cattle swineThe major acute phase proteins (APPs) in cattle are haptoglobin (Hp) and serum amyloid A (SAA), and in swine, are Hp, SAA, C-reactive protein (CRP), and Pig major acute phase protein (Pig-MAP). Many methodologic assays are presently available to measure these parameters, which are still being improved to increase their specificity, sensitivity, user-friendliness, and economic availability. In cattle, the main applications are the diagnosis and monitoring of fre...

Wednesday, 18 January 2023

Artificial Insemination as a Transmission Route for African Swine Fever Virus

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  • To demonstrate that ASFV can efficiently be transferred from infected boars through artificial insemination
Feature Image tempate 19The rapid spread of the African swine fever virus (ASFV), causing severe disease with often high fatality rates in Eurasian suids, prevails as a threat for pig populations and dependent industries worldwide. Although advancing scientific progress continually enhances our understanding of ASFV pathogenesis, alternative transmission routes for ASFV have yet to be assessed. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that ASFV can effici...

Wednesday, 18 January 2023

Elevator-related injuries in dogs

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  • 31% of dogs experienced leash entrapment in the elevator doors
how to teach your dog to calmly ride in an elevatorThe aim of this study was to describe elevator-related injuries in dogs.Thirteen client-owned dogs presenting with injuries sustained while using an elevator were retrospectively included....

Wednesday, 18 January 2023

Effect of anesthetic induction with propofol, alfaxalone or ketamine on intraocular pressure in cats

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  • Intraocular pressure increased significantly in cats induced with propofol
B9781437706604000296 f029 003 9781437706604The aim of this study was to compare the effect of propofol, alfaxalone and ketamine on intraocular pressure (IOP) in cats.In this prospective, masked, randomized clinical trial, a total of 43 ophthalmologically normal cats scheduled to undergo general anesthesia for various procedures were included. Following baseline IOP measurements using applanation tonometry, anesthesia was induced with pr...

Friday, 13 January 2023

Leishmania infantum in a Population of Iberian Lynxes

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  • Eight blood samples were positive for kDNA and ITS-1 sequencing confirmed the presence of L. infantum in two of those samples
1620px lince ibrico lynx pardinus almuradiel ciudad real espaa 2021 12 19 dd 06jpgLeishmania infantum, the sand fly-transmitted protozoan parasite responsible for leishmaniasis in humans, dogs, and cats, is endemic in the Iberian Peninsula. However, the impact of L. infantum infection on the conservation of the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is unknown. The present study describe for the fi...

Friday, 13 January 2023

Reverse Sneezing in Dogs

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  • Inflammatory airway disorders were present in 57% of the cases
reverse sneezingReverse sneezing (RS) is a frequent reason for veterinary consultation, but there is scarce clinical information. The aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristics in a cohort of 30 dogs with RS.Signalment, clinical features, results of diagnostic tests, final diagnosis, and evolution were retrospectively evaluated. Sex and neuter status were equally distributed into diagnosis categories. A significantly higher representation of toys (...

Friday, 13 January 2023

Temporal lobe epilepsy in cats

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  • To summarise the clinical features and the possible aetiology of temporal lobe epilepsy
epilessia gattoIn recent years there has been increased attention to the proposed entity of feline temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Epileptic discharges in certain parts of the temporal lobe elicit very similar semiology, which justifies grouping these epilepsies under one name. Furthermore, feline TLE patients tend to have histopathological changes within the temporal lobe, usually in the hippocampus. The initial aetiology is likely to be different but may result in ...

Monday, 19 December 2022

Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in horses

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  • 15.2% of horses tested PCR positive and 26.9% IFAT positive
imagesEquine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) is a tick-borne disease caused by Anaplasma (A.) phagocytophilum. In Germany, this pathogen is transmitted primarily by Ixodes ricinus. There is limited knowledge about its prevalence in horses in Germany. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the results of serological and molecular testing for A. phagocytophilum in horses which were done in a commercial laboratory in Germany over fourteen years. Additionally, risk...

Monday, 19 December 2022

Peripheral intravenous catheter complications documented in hospitalised dogs

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  • The incidence of peripheral intravenous catheter complications was 20%
catetereThe aim of this study was to report the incidence and type of peripheral intravenous catheter complications in hospitalised dogs.A prospective, observational trial was performed. Peripheral intravenous catheters were monitored for complications. Complications were documented and classified as extravasation, phlebitis, dislodgement, occlusion and line breakage. If phlebitis was present, the Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale was used to assign a grade (0 to 5). Fisher...

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