Articles available: 137

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Wednesday, 07 December 2022

Causes of digestive disorders in beef cattle production systems

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  • Ruminal acidosis occurred when there was high intake of starch-rich concentrate
beef cattle nutritionThe physicochemical characteristics of diets and faeces were evaluated in combination with data of rumen fluid and blood lactate collected from two distinct feedlot systems in Brazil to understand the causes and correlations to digestive disorders in these production systems. The data were collected during two visits to a finishing system which fed about 80,000 head per year, and four visits to two properties that fed 150 to 180 straight bred Nellore ...

Wednesday, 07 December 2022

Serum and urine biomarkers in cats with interstitial and bacterial cystitis

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  • Serum NGF is a candidate biomarker that could be used in the diagnosis of FIC
urine catAlthough feline urine is increasingly submitted for bacterial culture and susceptibility testing in veterinary practice, bacterial cystitis (BC) is relatively uncommon compared with feline interstitial cystitis (FIC), which shares similar clinical manifestations. Therefore, an investigation of certain urothelial (glycosaminoglycan [GAG], tissue inhibition metalloproteinase-2 [TIMP-2]), cytokine (interleukin 12 [IL-12]), and neurotrophic factor (nerve growth factor [NGF]) markers ...

Wednesday, 07 December 2022

Expression profile of immunoregulatory molecules in canine tumors

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  • LGALS9 and CD48, were expressed in most canine tumors
tumour immunoregulatoryCancers utilize a variety of molecules to escape host immune responses. Better understanding the immune environment surrounding cancer may facilitate application of innovative cancer immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, to dogs as well as humans. In this study, the authors screened the expression of 20 immune regulatory molecules in diverse canine tumors (n = 59). ...

Wednesday, 30 November 2022

Clinical Scoring Systems in the Newborn Calf

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  • To evaluate the clinical scores designed or adapted to bovine medicine that aim to assess newborn calf viability
GRT MA10 newborn calf in straw i 1A scoring system is an instrument that enables the scorers, including farmers, technicians, and veterinarians, to adopt a systematic approach for diagnosis or monitoring, as it decreases bias and confounding and increases objectivity. Practically, it is a number assigned to a patient that correlates with a probability that a diagnosis can be confirmed or that a specific outcome will follow. This article examines...

Wednesday, 30 November 2022

Primary immune-mediated polyarthritis in dogs

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  • Relapse of clinical signs was reported in 53% of dogs
depositphotos 44037361 l 2015 origThe Objectives of this study was to provide a description of primary idiopathic immune-mediated polyarthritis, including long-term outcome and relapse rates, for dogs starting treatment with corticosteroids alone or corticosteroids with a second immunosuppressant.Medical records were reviewed between January 2012 and December 2017 to identify dogs diagnosed with primary immune-mediated polyarthritis. Data includ...

Wednesday, 30 November 2022

Transient myocardial thickening in two Toxoplasma gondii-positive cats

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  • Both cats received appropriate antiprotozoal and cardiovascular therapy
ecocardio gatto toxoIn this report, the authors provide detailed clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic descriptions of two Toxoplasma gondii-positive cats diagnosed with transient myocardial thickening (TMT) and acute myocardial injury (MI). In both cases, aetiological diagnosis was based on the antibody screening test (all cats had IgM titres ⩾1:64) and MI was demonstrated by a concomitant severe increase of the serum concentratio...

Friday, 25 November 2022

Hematology and plasma biochemistry reference values of juvenile undulate rays

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  • Blood samples from 43 undulate rays were analyzed for hematology and plasma biochemistry
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA         Despite the paucity of published literature on elasmobranch hematology and biochemistry, great interspecific diversity has been observed.Blood samples from 43 undulate rays (Raja undulata) (23 males, 20 females) hatched and raised at Oceanogràfic Aquarium, were analyzed for hematology and plasma biochemistry. Animals were divided into two age groups: 1 yr old (28 skates) and 2 yr old (15 skates). Al...

Friday, 25 November 2022

Use of urinalysis during baseline diagnostics in dogs and cats

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  • Participants performed urinalyses much less frequently than blood work during a routine examination
dog urine sampleThe aim of this study was to describe how veterinarians utilise and perform urinalyses for dogs and cats.A survey, developed and distributed through the Veterinary Information Network, enlisted veterinarians who perform urinalyses for dogs and cats. Participants were directed to question banks based on whether urinalyses were performed in-house, by an outside diagnostic laboratory, or using an in-house automated instrument. Participants using mult...

Friday, 25 November 2022

Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging features of spinal lymphoma in cats

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  • The most frequent neurological signs were rapidly progressive paraparesis or paraplegia
MRI gattoThis multicentric retrospective study describes the clinical and MRI features and pathological studies of spinal lymphoma in 27 cats. MRI characteristics and their possible correlations with histopathological findings were studied.The most frequent neurological signs were rapidly progressive paraparesis (62.9%) or paraplegia (22.2%). Bimodal age distribution was found with 40.7% of cats aged ≤2.5 years (63.6% of them FeLV positive), and 44.4% of cats aged ≥8...

Monday, 21 November 2022

Acute Phase Biomarkers in Racing Endurance Horses

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  • Endurance racing induces acute phase response in horses
DawnTebbs Endurance Riding 1This study aimed to evaluate if exercise-induced acute phase response (APR) occurs in endurance horses in response to the race.The study included 23 horses competing in an endurance competition with a successfully passed clinical examination before the race. Blood samples were collected before the start and within 30 min after the end of the race. Haematological and biochemical tests were performed and correlated to acute ph...

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