Articles available: 137

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Wednesday, 16 November 2022

Leptospira spp. Prevalence in Cats from Southern Italy

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  • Antibodies against Leptospira spp. were detected in 15.3% of cats
Can Cats Get Sick From Eating Mice 1Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease, but feline leptospirosis is rarely reported. This study aimed at investigating Leptospira spp. prevalence in cats from southern Italy, evaluating risk factors, clinical findings and laboratory data associated with infection.The serum of 112 cats was investigated by microscopic agglutination test (MAT), detecting anti-Leptospira antibodies against 14 pathogenic se...

Friday, 11 November 2022

Evidence of Dirofilaria immitis in Felids in Italy

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  • This study provides new data on the occurrence of HW in domestic cats and wildcats in North-eastern Italy
T1903E01slider 1Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne nematode, causing heartworm (HW) disease in wild and domestic canids. HW can also affect felids with different clinical patterns from asymptomatic pictures to sudden death, making the monitoring and diagnosis complicated. Canine HW is endemic in North-eastern Italy; however, very little information has been recorded for felids. This study aims to provide new information on HW in felids in North-eastern Italy....

Friday, 11 November 2022

Expression of Sex Hormone Receptors in Canine Osteosarcoma

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  • Progesterone receptor expression levels were also quantified in OSA cells cultured under hypoxic conditions or in the presence of estradiol
807c5b1bfb393b7024a56106f6b3ce0c12a98772 450x300Sex steroids regulate bone metabolism directly and indirectly through receptors on bone. Estrogen receptors (ER-∝, ER-β), progesterone receptor (PR), and androgen receptor (AR), have been previously identified on human osteosarcoma (OSA) cells, and are considered to influence tumor growth, but their expression and role in canine OSA is unknown. The aim of this study was to characte...

Friday, 11 November 2022

Dietary fiber aids in the management of canine and feline gastrointestinal disease

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  • Understanding the fundamentals of dietary fiber allows the clinician to use fiber optimally as a management modality
fibra dieteticaDietary fiber describes a diverse assortment of nondigestible carbohydrates that play a vital role in the health of animals and maintenance of gastrointestinal tract homeostasis. The main roles dietary fiber play in the gastrointestinal tract include physically altering the digesta, modulating appetite and satiety, regulating digestion, and acting as a microbial energy source through fermentation. These functions can have widespread systemic effects....

Monday, 07 November 2022

Assessing the cardiac valves conditions in horses with poor performance

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  • To examine the correlation between cardiac valves disease and poor performance in athletic horses
Valvole cuore cavalloHeart murmurs and valvular regurgitation are common in horses and often have no effect on their performance. However, when structural changes occur in the heart size, they can affect performance adversely. This study aimed to examine the correlation between cardiac valves disease and poor performance in athletic horses.A total of 300 athletic Thoroughbred and mix-breed horses including 164 mares and 136 stallions, with a history of poor p...

Monday, 07 November 2022

Markers of tissue perfusion and their relation to mortality in dogs with blunt trauma

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  • Forty-four client-owned dogs hospitalized following blunt trauma were included
well 16 ducate head traumaThe aim of this study was to evaluate admission Animal Trauma Triage (ATT) score, shock index (SI), and markers of perfusion, including base excess (BE), plasma lactate, and lactate clearance in dogs with blunt trauma.In this prospective observational clinical study 44 client-owned dogs hospitalized following blunt trauma were included...

Monday, 07 November 2022

Surgical removal of intestinal foreign bodies in dogs and cats

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  • To describe a novel surgical technique for intestinal foreign body removal without enterotomy
endoscopy1The objective of this study was to describe a novel surgical technique for intestinal foreign body removal without enterotomy using a laparotomy-assisted endoscopic approach and compare short-term outcomes to enterotomy.Medical records of dogs and cats with intestinal foreign bodies that underwent attempted treatment with a laparotomy-assisted endoscopic approach between June 2019 and July 2021 were extracted. The approach consisted in manoeuvring the intesti...

Friday, 02 December 2022

Cutaneous epitheliotropic T-cell lymphoma in ferrets

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  • All patients presented with erythematous and crusted lesions
linfoma cutaneo ferretTumours are commonly encountered in ferrets and lymphoma is the third most common neoplasm in this species. Cutaneous epitheliotropic lymphoma has rarely been described in ferrets.Inclusion criteria for ferrets in this study were cutaneous lymphoma diagnosed by histopathologic examination. Data collection from affected ferrets presented at the clinic between January 2014 and March 2021 included signalment, medical history, clinical signs, histopathology ...

Friday, 02 December 2022

Clinical significance of heart murmurs in cats

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  • Systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve was the primary cause of murmur
cuore gattiCardiac auscultation is one of the most important clinical tools to identify patients with a potential heart disease. Although several publications have reported the prevalence of murmurs in cats, little information is available in relation to the exact origin of the blood flow turbulences responsible for these murmurs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of murmurs detected during physical examination in cats.Retrospective evaluati...

bulldog reflussoThe aim of this prospective, non-randomized study was to evaluate the effect of nine different premedication medications on the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GOR) in anesthetized dogs. Two hundred and seventy dogs undergoing non-intrathoracic, non-intrabdominal elective surgeries or invasive diagnostic procedures were included in the study and were allocated into nine groups (30 dogs/group) defined by the type of premedication administered. Premedicatio...

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