Articles available: 151

CONTINUING SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

Displaying items by tag: Dogs

imagedoganestesiaThe aim of this study was to report and characterize cases of acute hyperkalemia of unknown origin in dogs under anesthesia.

Medical records of client-owned dogs that developed acute hyperkalemia during anesthesia were retrospectively evaluated. Data collected included demographics, duration of anesthesia until the episode, electrolytes and blood gas measurements, electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, drugs used as part of the anesthetic protocol, hyperkalemia treatment and outcome.

Published in Anesthesiology

mouth cancer adenocarcinomaThe objective of this study was to describe the clinical features, prognostic factors, and outcomes in dogs with surgically treated salivary gland carcinoma.

Seventy-two client-owned dogs from 16 institutions with surgically excised salivary gland carcinoma were included. Medical records of dogs undergoing sialoadenectomy were reviewed for signalment, clinical signs, preoperative staging results, preoperative mass evaluation, complications, histopathologic diagnosis, local recurrence, metastatic disease, and survival times. Survival functions were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Factors related to survival were individually tested using the log-rank test.

Published in Oncology

Figure 1 Praying PostureThis study aimed to assess the prognostic value of red cell distribution width (RDW) RDW-to-calcium ratio (RDW/Ca), neutrophils-to-lymphocytes ratio (N/L), platelets-to-lymphocytes ratio (P/L) and other easy to obtain and inexpensive hematological and biochemical parameters in dogs with acute pancreatitis.

This is a multicenter, retrospective cohort study including 70 client-owned dogs. The accuracy of clinical and laboratory variables to predict short-term death (i.e., dead by 14 days) was tested by calculating the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC). Independent predictors of death were identified using the multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model.

Published in Gastroenterology

empiema caneSpinal epidural empyema (SEE) represents a neurological emergency in veterinary medicine, but information on this condition is limited to date. This retrospective case series study describes the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features, and the outcome of conservative or surgical management of SEE in 30 dogs diagnosed with SEE from September 2015 to March 2020 at one referral neurology centre.

The most frequent clinical sign was pain 28/30 (93%), and 22/30 (73%) showed neurological signs with ambulatory paraparesis/tetraparesis 15/30 (50%), monoparesis 1/30 (3.3%), non-ambulatory paraparesis 3/30 (10%), or paraplegia 3/30 (10%). MRI was valuable for the diagnosis and in the follow-up. In this group of dogs, 24/30 (80%) were conservatively treated and 6/30 (20%) were surgically treated. The outcome was considered favourable in all dogs: 20/30 (66.6%) achieved full recovery (3 surgically treated and 17 medically treated) and 10/30 (33.3%) dogs had an improvement in the neurological signs with residual ambulatory paresis (3 surgically treated and 7 medically treated). Surgical treatment showed better short-term (7 days) outcomes than medical treatment in non-ambulatory paraparetic or paraplegic dogs (33%). Nevertheless, this study suggests that a good recovery may be achieved with conservative treatment even for non-ambulatory or paraplegic dogs.

Published in Neurology
Wednesday, 04 January 2023 12:42

Elevator-related injuries in dogs

how to teach your dog to calmly ride in an elevatorThe aim of this study was to describe elevator-related injuries in dogs.

Thirteen client-owned dogs presenting with injuries sustained while using an elevator were retrospectively included.

Wednesday, 04 January 2023 12:24

Reverse Sneezing in Dogs

reverse sneezingReverse sneezing (RS) is a frequent reason for veterinary consultation, but there is scarce clinical information. The aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristics in a cohort of 30 dogs with RS.

Signalment, clinical features, results of diagnostic tests, final diagnosis, and evolution were retrospectively evaluated. Sex and neuter status were equally distributed into diagnosis categories. A significantly higher representation of toys (<5 kg, 50%) and small-sized dogs (5-15 kg, 27%), in comparison to medium (15-30 kg, 17%) and large-sized dogs (>30 kg, 7%), was found. RS was the main owner concern in many of the cases (67%). Many cases presented chronic RS (60%, >3 months), with more than one episode a week (60%). Most cases had an additional clinical respiratory sign (63%) and an unremarkable physical examination (63%). Inflammatory airway disorders were present in 57% of the cases, followed by anatomical-functional disorders (27%), and nasal/nasopharyngeal foreign bodies (10%). Two dogs (7%) remained as open diagnoses. Episodes of RS were persistent despite the treatment in 61% of the dogs with follow-up.

Published in Pneumology

catetereThe aim of this study was to report the incidence and type of peripheral intravenous catheter complications in hospitalised dogs.

A prospective, observational trial was performed. Peripheral intravenous catheters were monitored for complications. Complications were documented and classified as extravasation, phlebitis, dislodgement, occlusion and line breakage. If phlebitis was present, the Visual Infusion Phlebitis Scale was used to assign a grade (0 to 5). Fisher's exact test was used to compare the type of complications between the critical care unit and the intermediate care unit. A univariate logistic model was used to compare the incidence of complications between the critical care unit and the intermediate care unit and adjusted odds ratios were used to compare the groups.

Published in Internal medicine

border terrier 930924 1280Gluten-related disorders in humans comprise different entities, including coeliac disease. Patients typically have measurable titers of anti-gliadin IgG or IgA (AGAs) and anti-transglutaminase-2 IgA (TG2). In addition to intestinal symptoms, human patients often show various neurological complications. In dogs, the neurological manifestation is rarely reported.

The present study  describes the muscle and nerve biopsies of an 11-year-old, male Border Terrier presenting with lower motor neuron signs submitted for histological examination. Examination of the biopsies showed an oligofocal lymphohistiocytic and plasmocytic myositis and a diffuse neuropathy of mixed nodo-paranodal and demyelinating type. Suspecting a neuromuscular form of breed-related gluten hypersensitivity, measurements of AGAs and TG2 antibodies were performed. Both titers ranged above control values. Hence, a gluten-related neuromyopathy was diagnosed. A gluten-free diet was prescribed and a complete disappearance of clinical signs was observed. Gluten-related disorders should be considered as a differential diagnosis in dogs with intestinal and neuromuscular signs.

Published in Neurology

hepatic disease in dogsThe aim of this study was to report outcomes following surgical treatment of hepatic abscessation in dogs.

Records from 6 institutions were evaluated for dogs undergoing surgical treatment for hepatic abscessation between 2010 and 2020. Signalment, clinical signs, medical therapy, surgical treatment, and postoperative outcome was obtained from medical records. Long-term outcome was recorded when possible. Median survival time was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method.

Published in General surgery

ipofisi caneThe aim of this study was to characterize the clinical features, neurological examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, histopathological findings, and outcome following transsphenoidal hypophysectomy (TSH) in dogs with nonfunctional sellar masses (NFSM).

Medical records of dogs that underwent TSH for a NFSM were reviewed for clinical signs, physical and neurological examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, endocrine testing, surgery reports, and outcome. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was rereviewed, and tumors were classified using the previously described system according to pituitary tumor extension and vascular involvement. Owners of dogs that survived to discharge were contacted.

Published in General surgery
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