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AGGIORNAMENTO SCIENTIFICO PERMANENTE IN MEDICINA VETERINARIA

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Questo archivio bibliografico contiene tutti i lavori scientifici pubblicati dal 1987 dalle riviste edite da SCIVAC prima e da EV srl poi, e lavori reperiti nella letteratura internazionale a partire dal 2001 in avanti. Per tutti i lavori è disponibile l'abstract, mentre per quelli italiani è disponibile anche il PDF originale (dal 1995).
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  Riviste Italiane Indicizzate

Cinologia
Collana di Radiologia Clinica Ippologia
Large Animals Review
Medicina Felina
Notiziario Farmaceutico
Quaderni di Dermatologia
SISCA Observer


Totale Riviste pubblicate : 4831. Questa pagina mostra gli ultimi lavori inseriti.

Lunedì, 30 Agosto 2021

R. Compiani et al.

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  • Riferimento: Large Animal Review 2021; 27: 51-56
  • Abstract: SUMMARY Clostridial diseases of cattle are an economic and welfare issue worldwide. Clostridia are obligate anaerobic spore-forming grampositive bacteria able to cause a wide range of pathologies in humans and animals. Pathogenicity is expressed by sporulation in favourable environmental condition with release of toxins. Toxins produced and tissues damaged are generally characteristic for each clostridial. The incidence of clostridiosis is relatively low however the outcome is generally very poor despite the bacteria being sensitive to the most common antibiotic therapies. The generally rapid course of the disease prevents any intervention. Despite a continually developing classification, clostridium that affect cattle can be classified based on their target tissue and pathogenic expression, as neurotoxic, histotoxic and enterotoxic. Scientific knowledge about different clostridial toxins, their aetiopathological mechanisms, risk factors and pathologies involved are generally limited due to the large number of bacteria strains and types involved. Alongside the more studied neurotoxic C. tetani and C. botulinum for their implications in human medicine, there are lots less known pathogenic strains capable of causing extremely severe clinical patterns in veterinary medicine. In particular regarding enterotoxic clostridia, the incidence of necro-haemorrhagic enteritis and enterotoxaemia is probably wrongly estimated because complete post-mortem investigation is rarely performed and several other reasons can lead to sudden death. The aim of this review is to describe the main clostridial diseases that can affect cattle and some of the possible prevention strategies as controlling major known risk factors and the use of vaccination. KEY WORDS Clostridia, clostridiosis, cattle.
  • Note: //
  • Specie: animali da reddito
  • Anno: 2021
  • Rivista: Large Animals Review
Letto 250 volte Ultima modifica il Lunedì, 30 Agosto 2021

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