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AGGIORNAMENTO SCIENTIFICO PERMANENTE IN MEDICINA VETERINARIA

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Questo archivio bibliografico contiene tutti i lavori scientifici pubblicati dal 1987 dalle riviste edite da SCIVAC prima e da EV srl poi, e lavori reperiti nella letteratura internazionale a partire dal 2001 in avanti. Per tutti i lavori è disponibile l'abstract, mentre per quelli italiani è disponibile anche il PDF originale (dal 1995).
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  Riviste Italiane Indicizzate

Cinologia
Collana di Radiologia Clinica Ippologia
Large Animals Review
Medicina Felina
Notiziario Farmaceutico
Quaderni di Dermatologia
SISCA Observer


Totale Riviste pubblicate : 4831. Questa pagina mostra gli ultimi lavori inseriti.

Lunedì, 30 Agosto 2021

G. Costa et al.

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  • Riferimento: Large Animal Review 2021; 27: 65-68
  • Abstract: SUMMARY Aim - The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the analgesia and ataxia degree between three dosages of tramadol in cattle. Methods - Thirty Friesian cows undergoing transrectal and transvaginal ultrasound examination were enrolled. They were randomly divided into three groups, A, B, and C. Each group consisted of 10 subjects. Tramadol was administered intravenously as follow: 1 mg/kg (group A), 1.5 mg/kg (group B) and 3 mg/kg (group C). Heart rate, respiratory rate, non-invasive systolic pressure, ataxia score (range 0-3) and stimulus response score (range 0-4) were recorded before tramadol administration and at 10, 20, 30, 60 and 90 minutes after tramadol administration. A cumulative pain score (CPS, range 0-12) was performed. When the CPS was > 10 and stimulus response score was equal to 4, the animals received flunixin meglumine 3.3 mg/kg intravenously as rescue analgesia. Results - Heart rate of cows treated with tramadol 3 mg/kg was significantly lower at 20, 30, 60 and 90 minutes (p < 0.001) compared to those of other groups. Cows treated with tramadol 1.5 mg/kg showed a significant increase (p = 0.010) in the degree of ataxia at all times compared to other groups. The CPS recorded in group C was significantly lower (p = 0.028) compared to those of other groups at all times. Group B showed a significant lower (p = 0.028) stimulus response score compared to those of other groups. In group C, we observed phenomena of excitability and slight transient muscle fasciculation. No rescue analgesia was administered in any subject. Conclusion and clinical relevance - Tramadol 1.5 mg/kg provided better ataxia and analgesia compared to other doses. Furthermore, tramadol 3 mg/kg may cause excitatory movements and muscle fasciculation. KEY WORDS Tramadol, cattle, ataxia, analgesia.
  • Note: //
  • Specie: animali da reddito
  • Anno: 2021
  • Rivista: Large Animals Review
Letto 214 volte Ultima modifica il Lunedì, 30 Agosto 2021

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